Second Quarter 2015 Summary
Trinseo (NYSE: TSE), a global materials company and manufacturer of plastics, latex and synthetic rubber, today reported its second quarter 2015 financial results with revenue of $1,029 million, Adjusted EPS of $1.61 per diluted share, Adjusted EBITDA of $151 million, and Adjusted EBITDA excluding inventory revaluation of $122 million.
Commenting on the Company’s performance, Chris Pappas, Trinseo President and Chief Executive Officer, said, “Trinseo had a great start to 2015 with very strong first and second quarter results. In the second quarter we had record Adjusted EBITDA at the total company level as well as in the Basic Plastics & Feedstocks segment. In addition, we had record Adjusted Net Income.”
Pappas continued, “In the Performance Materials division, second quarter EBITDA was below the first quarter, as expected, and was impacted by several factors, including a planned turnaround at our Synthetic Rubber plant as well as negative price lag with increasing raw material costs. However, we feel that the combined first half results for Performance Materials are indicative of the run-rate that we expect for this division. In Basic Plastics & Feedstocks, we continue to be encouraged by the positive results as they are further evidence of the supply / demand improvements that are driving higher operating rates and margins in styrene monomer, polystyrene, and in polycarbonate.”
Revenue in the second quarter decreased 23% versus prior year due to the pass through of lower raw material costs, with the significant decline in the overall energy complex, and currency, as the euro weakened in comparison to the U.S. dollar. These impacts were partially offset by an increase in sales volume in the Latex, Synthetic Rubber, and Performance Plastics segments, consistent with our strategy of focusing on growth in the Performance Materials Division. Sequentially, revenue increased 1% as the pass through of higher raw material costs was mostly offset by currency and lower sales volume. The decrease in sales volume was driven by lower sales of styrene monomer, due to a higher level of opportunistic sales in the first quarter, as well as lower sales of polystyrene in Europe, due to customer destocking in the second quarter as a result of increasing prices.
Second quarter Adjusted EBITDA of $151 million included a $29 million favorable impact from inventory revaluation. Adjusted EBITDA excluding inventory revaluation of $122 million was $45 million higher than prior year primarily due to higher margins in the Basic Plastics & Feedstocks segment, including styrene monomer, styrenic polymers, and polycarbonate, as well as higher equity earnings from Americas Styrenics. Sequentially, Adjusted EBITDA excluding inventory revaluation was $29 million lower than the record-high first quarter due mostly to the planned Synthetic Rubber turnaround in the second quarter as well as price lag, which had a positive impact on the first quarter and a negative impact on the second quarter. These impacts were partially offset by higher margins in Basic Plastics & Feedstocks as well as an increase in equity earnings from Americas Styrenics.
Second Quarter Results and Commentary by Business Segment
Free Cash Flow and Leverage
Free cash flow for the quarter was $18 million, inclusive of a record $30 million dividend from Americas Styrenics, $14 million of capital spending, $69 million related to the call premium associated with the retirement of our long-term bonds, and $31 million of cash interest. Excluding the call premium, free cash flow was very strong at $87 million. Our net leverage continued to decrease due to higher EBITDA and cash generation, and was 2.8 times as of the end of the second quarter compared to approximately 4.0 times at the end of 2013 and 2014.
Commenting on the outlook for the remainder of 2015 Pappas said, “We expect the Performance Materials division results to return to the run rate of $70 million to $75 million Adjusted EBITDA per quarter, as we don’t expect significant price lag and do not have any material maintenance events for the remainder of the year. In Basic Plastics & Feedstocks, we expect Adjusted EBITDA for the second half of the year to be approximately $130 million to $145 million, due primarily to lower, but still historically strong, styrene margins for both our business as well as that of Americas Styrenics.”
Pappas continued, “Given these expectations, full year Adjusted EBITDA should be between $490 million and $505 million. In addition, we expect strong free cash flow and EPS performance on the back of our refinancing, management of capex and lower interest expense.”
Conference Call and Webcast Information
Trinseo will host a conference call to discuss its Second Quarter 2015 financial results tomorrow, Wednesday, August 5, 2015 at 10 AM Eastern Time.
Commenting on results will be Trinseo’s Chris Pappas, President and Chief Executive Officer, John Feenan, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer and David Stasse, Vice President, Treasury and Investor Relations. The conference call will be available by phone at:
Participant Toll-Free Dial-In Number: 877-372-0878
Participant International Dial-In Number: +1 253-237-1169
Conference ID / passcode: 92891788
The Company will also offer a live Webcast of the conference call with question and answer session via registration page on the Trinseo Investor Relations website.
Trinseo has posted its Second Quarter 2015 financial results on the Company’s Investor Relations website. The presentation slides will also be made available in the webcast player prior to the conference call. The Company will also furnish copies of the financial results press release and presentation slides to investors by means of a Form 8-K filing with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
A replay of the conference call and transcript will be archived on the Company’s Investor Relations website shortly following the conference call. The replay will be available until August 5, 2016.
Trinseo (NYSE: TSE) is a global materials company and manufacturer of plastics, latex and rubber. Trinseo’s technology is used by customers in industries such as home appliances, automotive, building & construction, carpet, consumer electronics, consumer goods, electrical & lighting, medical, packaging, paper & paperboard, rubber goods and tires. Formerly known as Styron, Trinseo completed its renaming process in the first quarter of 2015.
Use of non-GAAP measures
Trinseo management believes that measures of income excluding certain items (“non-GAAP” measures) provide relevant and meaningful information to investors about the ongoing operating results of the Company. Such measurements are not recognized in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and should not be viewed as an alternative to GAAP measures of performance. Reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to GAAP measures are provided in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Information.
Note on Forward-Looking Statements
This press release may contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “expect,” “estimate,” “project,” “budget,” “forecast,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “may,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “believes,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue,” and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this press release may include, without limitation, forecasts of growth, revenues, business activity, acquisitions, financings and other matters that involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from results expressed or implied by this press release. Such risk factors include, among others: conditions in the global economy and capital markets, volatility in costs or disruption in the supply of the raw materials utilized for our products; loss of market share to other producers of styrene-based chemical products; compliance with environmental, health and safety laws; changes in laws and regulations applicable to our business; our inability to continue technological innovation and successful introduction of new products; system security risk issues that could disrupt our internal operations or information technology services; and the loss of customers. Additional risks and uncertainties are set forth in the Company’s reports filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, which are available at https://www.sec.gov/ as well as the Company’s web site at https://www.trinseo.com. As a result of the foregoing considerations, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this press release. All forward-looking statements are qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Note 2: Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Performance Measures to Net income (loss)
EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure that we refer to in making operating decisions because we believe it provides meaningful supplemental information regarding the Company’s operational performance. We present EBITDA because we believe that it is useful for investors to analyze disclosures of our operating results on the same basis as that used by our management. We believe the use of EBITDA as a metric assists our board of directors, management and investors in comparing our operating performance on a consistent basis because it removes the impact of our capital structure (such as interest expense), asset base (such as depreciation and amortization) and tax structure.
We also believe that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA provides investors with a useful analytical indicator of our performance and of our ability to service our indebtedness. We define Adjusted EBITDA as income (loss) from continuing operations before interest expense, net; income tax provision; depreciation and amortization expense; loss on extinguishment of long-term debt; asset impairment charges; advisory fees paid to affiliates of Bain Capital; gains or losses on the dispositions of businesses and assets; restructuring and other non-recurring items.
We present Adjusted EBITDA excluding inventory revaluation in order to facilitate the comparability of results from period to period by adjusting cost of sales to reflect the cost of raw materials during the period, which is often referred to as the replacement cost method of inventory valuation. We believe this measure minimizes the impact of raw material purchase price volatility in evaluating our performance. Our approach to calculating inventory revaluation is intended to represent the difference between the results under the FIFO and the replacement cost methods. However, our calculation could differ from the replacement cost method if the monthly raw material standards are different from the actual raw material prices during the month and production and purchase volumes differ from sales volumes during the month. These factors could have a significant impact on the inventory revaluation calculation.
Lastly, we present Adjusted Net Income (loss) and Adjusted EPS as additional performance measures. Adjusted Net Income (loss) is calculated as Adjusted EBITDA (defined beginning with Net income (loss), above), less interest expense, less the provision for income taxes and depreciation and amortization, tax affected for various discrete items, as appropriate. Adjusted EPS is calculated as Adjusted Net Income (loss) per weighted average diluted shares outstanding for a given period. We believe that Adjusted Net Income (loss) and Adjusted EPS provide transparent and useful information to management, investors, analysts and other parties in evaluating and assessing our core operating results from period-to-period after removing the impact of unusual, non-operational or restructuring-related activities that affect comparability.
There are limitations to using financial measures such as those discussed above. These performance measures are not intended to represent cash flow from operations as defined by GAAP and should not be used as alternatives to net income as indicators of operating performance or to cash flow as measures of liquidity. Other companies in our industry may use these performance measures differently than we do. As a result, it may be difficult to use these or similarly-named financial measures that other companies may use, to compare the performance of those companies to our performance. We compensate for these limitations by providing reconciliations of these performance measures to our net income (loss), which is determined in accordance with GAAP.
(a) Restructuring and other charges for the three month periods above were incurred primarily in connection with the polycarbonate restructuring within our Basic Plastics & Feedstocks segment and the shutdown of our latex manufacturing plant in Altona, Australia.
(b) Represents fees paid under the terms of our advisory agreement with Bain Capital, before its termination in conjunction with our June 2014 initial public offering. For the three months ended June 30, 2014, this includes a charge of $23.3 million for fees incurred in connection with said termination.
(c) Other non-recurring items incurred for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015 include costs related to the process of changing our corporate name from Styron to Trinseo. For the three months ended June 30, 2014, these costs include a one-time $32.5 million termination payment made to Dow in connection with the termination of our Latex JV Option Agreement.
(d) See the discussion above this table for a description of inventory revaluation.
(e) Adjusted to remove the tax impact of the loss on extinguishment of long-term debt and the related items noted above in (a) – (c). Additionally, the three months ended June 30, 2014 excludes a $2.7 million tax benefit recognized during the period related to a previously unrecognized tax benefit, resulting from the effective settlement of a 2010 and 2011 audit with the IRS.
Note 3: Defining Certain Liquidity Measures
The Company uses a number of measures to evaluate and discuss its liquidity position and performance, including Free Cash Flow and Liquidity. Free Cash Flow is defined as cash from both operating and investing activities, less the impact of changes in restricted cash. Liquidity is defined as total cash and cash equivalents plus unused borrowing capacity on the Company’s revolving debt and accounts receivable securitization facility.
Free Cash Flow and Liquidity are not intended to represent cash flows from operations as defined by GAAP, and therefore, should not be used as an alternative for that measure. Other companies in our industry may define Free Cash Flow and Liquidity differently than we do. As a result, it may be difficult to use these or similarly-named financial measures that other companies may use, to compare the performance of those companies to our performance. The Company compensates for these limitations by providing the following detail, which is determined in accordance with GAAP and the terms of related borrowing agreements.
The following provides further detail of how these amounts are derived for the periods discussed herein: